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J Neurochem. 1996 Feb;66(2):834-44.

The Le(x) carbohydrate sequence is recognized by antibody to L5, a functional antigen in early neural development.

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1
Department of Genetics and Development, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.

Abstract

The L5 antigenic determinant was previously suggested to be a carbohydrate epitope present on murine cell recognition molecules in the developing brain and to be an early neural marker in the chick embryo. Here, we show that L5 immunoreactivity is associated with complex-type N-glycosidic oligosaccharides. To identify the carbohydrate structure recognized by the L5 antibody, we investigate its binding to N-linked oligosaccharides derived from L5 glycoproteins and to known glycans. Results of mass spectrometric analyses of L5-positive neoglycolipids prepared from L5 glycoproteins are consistent with those for N-glycans containing a 3-fucosyl N-acetyllactosamine sequence. We also investigate L5 binding to structurally defined, lipid-linked oligosaccharides based on the blood group type I and II backbones. Chromatogram binding assays, ELISA, and inhibition studies show that the antibody reacts strongly with carbohydrate chains presenting the 3-fucosyl N-acetyllactosamine sequence [Lewisx (Le(x)) or X-hapten] also recognized by anti-SSEA-1 and anti-CD15. Histochemical studies with different antibodies recognizing the Lex sequence show partially overlapping patterns of immunoreactivity during early neural development in the chick embryo. Therefore, we suggest that the epitope recognized by L5 antibody is closely related to those for anti-SSEA-1 and anti-CD15.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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