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J Cell Physiol. 1996 Feb;166(2):323-31.

Insulin-like growth factor I rescues SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells from hyperosmotic induced programmed cell death.

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Department of Neurology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109, USA.


Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and the type I IGF receptor are widely distributed in developing and adult mammalian nervous systems. In vitro, IGF-I is a mitogen for primary neurons and also for cells from the SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cell line, a well-characterized model system of neuronal growth. In the current study, we examined the effects of osmotic stress on SH-SY5Y cell viability and the mechanism by which IGF-I serves as a neuronal osmoprotectant. Within 24 hr, exposure of SH-SY5Y cells to hyperosmotic serum-free media decreased (1) the number of viable cells, (2) the rate of 3H-thymidine incorporation, and (3) cell cycle progression. The inclusion of 10 nM IGF-I with hyperosmotic media prevented the loss of cell viability. The osmoprotective effects of IGF-I were inhibited by alpha-IR3, a blocking antibody of the type I IGF receptor. The observed loss of SH-SY5Y cell viability following hyperosmotic shock was due to an induction of programmed cell death as determined by flow cytometry and gel electrophoresis. Our results suggest that IGF-I can protect SH-SY5Y cells from hyperosmotic induced programmed cell death.

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