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Acta Diabetol. 1995 Oct;32(3):170-5.

Decreased capacity to inhibit platelet hyperactivity and to stabilize prostacyclin of high-density lipoproteins in experimental diabetes.

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Inserm U 63, Bron-Lyon, France.


Twenty-eight male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into two groups: a control group (C) of 15 animals and a streptozotocin-induced diabetes group mildly balanced by insulin (D) of 13 animals. After 15 weeks, plasma and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) lipids were determined in each group. Apoprotein A-I concentration was evaluated in HDL fractions. The capacity of the HDL fraction to inhibit thrombin and ADP-induced aggregation of normal platelets was determined for each rat, and in an additional experiment the relation dose-effect of HDL was established. The effect of HDL of the two groups on the stabilization of prostacyclin was compared by aggregation bioassay. After 15 weeks, HDL cholesterol (free + esterified). After 15 weeks, HDL cholesterol (free + esterified) tended to increase in group D compared with group C (P < 0.08). By contrast, apoprotein A-I was very significantly decreased in HDL-D compared with HDL-C (P < 0.001). These alterations were accompanied by a significantly decreased capacity of HDL (60 micrograms/ml platelet suspension) to inhibit ADP-induced aggregation (P< 0.0001) in group D compared with group C. Furthermore, HDL-D incubated 45 or 90 min with prostacyclin showed a significantly decreased capacity to stabilize prostacyclin compared with HDL-C (P<0.04; P <0.03, respectively). These alterations in HDL could be involved in thrombosis and atheromatous complications associated with this disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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