Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Kidney Int. 1995 Dec;48(6):1936-45.

Treatment of renovascular hypertension: one year results of renal angioplasty.

Author information

  • 1Department of Nephrology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, University of Göteborg, Sweden.

Abstract

During the ten year period from 1981 to 1991, percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) was performed in 180 renal arteries in 137 patients, where the underlying renovascular disease was fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) in 30 patients (22%) and arteriosclerotic vascular disease (AVD) in 107 (78%). A preinterventional work-up and a re-evaluation of the patients after one year was designed for the assessment of the clinical, functional and technical outcome. Successful technical dilatation was achieved in 97% of procedures with FMD patients and in 82% of procedures with AVD patients. A beneficial effect on the blood pressure and the renal function was registered in both groups. The overall cure and improvement rate for hypertension was 86% in the FMD group and 64% in the AVD group after one year's follow-up. A significant gain in the total renal function was registered in both groups, the average increase in glomerular filtration rate being 13% (P < 0.001) for the FMD group and 11% (P < 0.001) for the AVD group one year after PTRA. Renal function was improved or unchanged in 89% of FMD patients and 74% of AVD patients. The improvement in renal function was made by the revascularized kidney. Renal vein renin investigation predicted the clinical outcome with an excellent diagnostic accuracy as no renin negative patient became normotensive, and renin positive patients, who did not turn normotensive, were in almost 90% of the cases affected by technical failure or restenosis/contralateral stenosis. Thus, the sensitivity of renal vein renin investigation was 95% and the specificity 75%. The outcome for patients with hypertension and renal insufficiency was considerably poorer than for the whole group of patients, with only a 20% success rate for hypertension, but 50% in this group had increased or unchanged GFR after intervention. The angiographic one-year follow-up revealed a recurrence rate of 6.7% for FMD and 15.1% for AVD. For the entire series of patients, the incidence of major complications was 5.4%, including one indirect fatality, while the incidence of minor complications was 5%. In conclusion, PTRA will cure or improve blood pressure in most patients with renovascular hypertension, and it preserves and even improves renal function in these patients. Complications and recurrence are in fact not very common and PTRA appears be the best first approach in all but ostial lesions for treatment of renovascular hypertension.

PMID:
8587255
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk