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Ther Drug Monit. 1995 Oct;17(5):522-5.

A high-performance liquid chromatographic assay for the determination of itraconazole concentration using solid-phase extraction and small sample volume.

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1
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

Itraconazole has been shown to be highly effective against a broad spectrum of fungi, particularly aspergillus. In order to achieve the desired pharmacological effect, the itraconazole plasma concentration should be > 250 ng/ml. We developed a high-performance liquid chromatography assay for the rapid determination of plasma itraconazole concentration using solid-phase extraction and small sample volume. The assay possessed linearity up to 5,000 ng/ml, sensitivity of 50 ng/ml, average recovery of 100.8%, and run-to-run precision (n = 10) for concentrations of 100, 200, and 500 ng/ml of 12, 6.6, and 5.8%, respectively. Furthermore, the assay proved to be free of interference from 48 commonly prescribed and some over-the-counter medications. We conclude that the method described here is ideally suited for the therapeutic monitoring of itraconazole.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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