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Neurosci Lett. 1995 Oct 13;199(1):78-80.

Differential activation of the 5-hydroxytryptamine-containing neurons of the midbrain raphe of the rat in response to randomly presented inescapable sound.

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Department of Physiology, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298-0551, USA.


Estimates of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) turnover in response to 30 min of inescapable, randomly presented, loud sound (sound stress) were obtained for regions of rat brain containing 5-HT perikarya by means of 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) accumulation after administration of an inhibitor of aromatic amino acid decarboxylase (100 mg/kg i.p., m-hydroxybenzylhydrazine, NSD 1015). Sound stress increased 5-HTP accumulation in the median raphe nucleus (MRN) twofold over that from sham-stressed controls, but did not change 5-HTP accumulation significantly in dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) or hindbrain. These findings indicate that the 5-HT perikarya of the MRN but not those of the DRN or hindbrain are activated by sound stress, thus, provide further evidence for a functional distinction between the 5-HT neurons of these two midbrain nuclei.

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