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Laryngoscope. 1996 Feb;106(2 Pt 1):231-4.

Scintigraphic quantification of aspiration reduction with the Passy-Muir valve.

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Department of Otolaryngology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.


The Passy-Muir "speaking" tracheostomy valve has been noted to aid in swallowing, based on videofluoroscopy to assess aspiration. In this study scintigraphy was used to quantify the amount of material aspirated. Eleven patients were studied who currently had a tracheostomy in place and were either known to aspirate or were suspected of aspirating. Most were post-treatment head and neck cancer patients who were tumor free at the time of testing. Swallowing was evaluated using videofluoroscopy and scintigraphy. Videofluoroscopy was performed to assess anatomy and determine whether aspiration had occurred. Scintigraphic testing was then performed when the patient had the one-way valve on, and again with it off and tracheostomy open. Following a swallow, the amount (%) of aspirate with the valve in place was found to be significantly less than with the tracheostomy open. A one-way valve can be helpful in reducing aspiration in patients who are at risk for aspiration and who require that their tracheostomy be open.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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