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J Ultrasound Med. 1995 Dec;14(12):881-6.

Distance and volume measurement using three-dimensional ultrasonography.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, University of California, San Diego 92093-0610, USA.


The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of distance and volume measurements obtained by three-dimensional ultrasonography. A tissue-mimicking phantom was scanned using a prototype three-dimensional sonographic imaging system to verify distance measurements. Measurements were taken from the reconstructed three-dimensional sonographic data and compared to the real distances. Volume measurements were obtained by scanning 30 balloons of various shapes, sized 23 ml to 2400 ml. Each balloon was scanned twice in two orientations; three different masks were accomplished for each volume. Each volume measurement of 180 three-dimensional sonographic measurements was compared to conventional two-dimensional ultrasonographic volume estimates and to the actual, measured balloon size. Distance measurements had a mean error of 0.02 +/- 3.65% (range, -4.27 to 7.18%). Two-dimensional sonographic volume estimates using traditional scanner based methods had a mean error of 13.7 +/- 10.1%. Three-dimensional sonographic volume measurements had a mean error of 2.2 +/- 2.9% for regular and irregular objects over the entire range of volumes. The masking required 10 to 30 min. The field of view varied from 10 to 24 cm with a mean object depth of 9.8 cm. Three-dimensional ultrasonographic methods can provide accurate volume measurements of regular and irregular objects and offer improved accuracy compared to traditional two-dimensional methods.

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