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J Pharm Pharmacol. 1995 Aug;47(8):698-701.

The involvement of dipeptidyl peptidase IV in brush-border degradation of GRF(1-29)NH2 by intestinal mucosal cells.

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College of Pharmacy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA.


GRF(1-29)NH2 is degraded mainly by dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) in plasma, resulting in inactivated GRF(3-29)NH2. To understand whether improving stability of GRF(1-29)NH2 in the plasma will result in enhanced stability in intestinal mucosal cells, stability of GRF(1-29)NH2 and [desNH2Tyr1,D-Ala2,Ala15]-GRF(1-29)NH2 in rat intestine brush-border membrane and homogenate was examined. [desNH2Tyr1,D-Ala2,Ala15]-GRF(1-29)NH2, resistant to plasma DPP IV, was much more stable than GRF(1-29)NH2 in enterocytes. Gradient HPLC analysis, mass balance analysis and studies of inhibitor effects revealed that GRF(3-29)NH2 was the major metabolite of GRF(1-29)NH2 due to the action of DPP IV during incubation with brush-border membranes. It is concluded that the design of peptide analogues to resist plasma enzymes dramatically increases stability in intestinal epithelium.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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