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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 1995 Dec;44(1-2):198-205.

Effects of enhanced lysine epsilon-aminotransferase activity on cephamycin biosynthesis in Streptomyces clavuligerus.

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Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA.


A recombinant strain of S. clavuligerus (LHM100) that contains an additional copy of the gene (lat) encoding lysine epsilon-aminotransferase (LAT) was analyzed and compared to the wild-type for intracellular concentrations of primary metabolites involved in cephamycin C biosynthesis. This strain had been shown previously to produce higher levels of the antibiotic because of increased levels of LAT, a rate-limiting enzyme involved in the production of alpha-aminoadipic acid. The results showed that the overall growth kinetics of the two strains were comparable, including the intracellular concentrations of cysteine, valine and lysine. In contrast, 60% higher antibiotic production was observed in LHM100, which reflected a significant temporal variation in specific metabolite production rate. The time profile of LAT activity was consistently higher in LHM100; however, alpha-aminoadipic acid levels showed unexpected variation during the growth cycle. These results support the proposal that rate-limiting enzymes in cephamycin C biosynthesis are temporally controlled, and indicate that optimization of metabolite production will require differential overexpression of several biosynthetic genes.

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