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Atherosclerosis. 1995 Nov;118(1):23-34.

Apo B signal peptide insertion/deletion polymorphism is involved in postprandial lipoparticles' responses.

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Centre de Médecine Préventive, URA CNRS 597, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France.


The changes in postprandial concentrations of five lipoparticles (LpC-III, LpC-III:B, LpC-IIInoB, LpA-I and LpA-I:A-II) were studied on 144 apparently healthy (71 male and 73 female) subjects during the 4 h following the ingestion of a 1.260 kJ milkshake. The influence of apo B signal peptide polymorphisms, apo E polymorphism, and other factors including age, gender, BMI, tobacco and alcohol consumption on the postprandial responses of lipoparticles was investigated. Apo-A-I-containing lipoparticles were not influenced during the 4 h following the test meal except for LpA-I:A-II, which decreased in women. LpA-I:A-II is the only particle that showed a gender-dependent change in postprandial concentration. Apo-CIII-containing lipoparticles showed significant postprandial variations. Particles containing both apo B and apo C-III (total LpC-III and LpC-III:B), mainly present in VLDL fraction, had significantly different postprandial responses among the genotypes of the apo B signal peptide polymorphism. Homozygotes for Del allele showed a decrease of LpC-III:B concentrations over the 4 h, whereas Ins/Ins homozygotes and Ins/Del heterozygotes had a peak in concentration at 2 h. The apo B signal peptide polymorphism explained 2.3% of the variance of LpCIII:B, whereas apo E polymorphism did not influence the postprandial concentrations of any lipoparticles.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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