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Virus Res. 1995 Oct;38(2-3):111-24.

Nucleocapsid- and virus-like particles assemble in cells infected with recombinant baculoviruses or vaccinia viruses expressing the M and the S segments of Hantaan virus.

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Department of Chemical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA.


The formation of Hantaan (HTN) virus nucleocapsid-like structures (NLS) or virus-like particles (VLP) from expressed gene products was investigated in two eukaryotic systems. Baculovirus expression of the HTN virus small segment (S), which encodes the viral nucleocapsid protein, resulted in assembly of NLS inside infected insect cells. The NLS and authentic ribonucleocapsids, prepared by detergent disruption of HTN virions, had similar sedimentation characteristics and morphologies, and were recognized by HTN virus N-specific antibodies. Co-expression of S and the medium segment (M), which encodes the two viral envelope glycoproteins (G1 and G2), did not efficiently generate VLP in the baculovirus-insect cell system, but VLP were observed in lysates and supernatants of cells infected with a recombinant vaccinia virus co-expressing HTN virus M and S. The VLP sedimented in sucrose to densities consistent with HTN virions, and some of them bore a striking resemblance to Hantaan virions when examined by immunoelectron microscopy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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