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JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 1995 Sep-Oct;19(5):416-8.

Treatment of central venous catheter occlusions with ethanol and hydrochloric acid.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Occluded central venous lines (CVLs) is a major problem in pediatric patients.

METHODS:

To relieve obstructed catheters, infusions of ethanol (up to 3 mL of a 70% solution) for presumed lipid occlusions and hydrochloric acid (HCl, 0.1 N, up to 3 mL) for presumed mineral and drug precipitates were given in an attempt to relieve obstructed catheters.

RESULTS:

Patency was restored in 34 of 39 occluded catheters over an 18-month period.

CONCLUSIONS:

Clearing occluded CVLs with ethanol and HCl is not only beneficial to the patient but also offers considerable cost savings compared to CVL replacement.

PMID:
8577023
DOI:
10.1177/0148607195019005416
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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