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J Biochem. 1995 Oct;118(4):825-31.

Vl-linker-Vh orientation-dependent expression of single chain Fv-containing an engineered disulfide-stabilized bond in the framework regions.

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Research and Development Division, Biomira Inc., Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.


Single chain Fv fragments (scFv) derived from an antibody, MAb 174H.64 (Tru-ScintRSQ kit, Biomira), were constructed in both orientations, i.e. Vh-linker-Vl and Vl-linker-Vh, but only the latter form could be expressed and secreted in the recombinant Pichia pastoris system. The secreted scFv protein showed specific anti-idiotype binding activity. Additionally, the molecular graphic modeling has been used to identify a possible site for the introduction of an interchain disulfide bond in the framework region of Fv. These Cys-modifications of the sites were done using a method of PCR-mediated mutagenesis. The engineered protein (disulfide-stabilized Fv: dsFv) was expressed and tested for its binding activity. It was found that dsFv was as active as the corresponding scFv and more stable as determined by competitive radioimmunoassay.

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