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Immunity. 1996 Jan;4(1):67-76.

The role of Ly49A and 5E6(Ly49C) molecules in hybrid resistance mediated by murine natural killer cells against normal T cell blasts.

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1
Department of Pathology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Dallas 75235, USA.

Abstract

We address the mechanism of hybrid resistance (HR) in vitro using NK effector cells and target lymphoblasts from H-2b, H-2d, and H-2b/d mice. The 5E6 (Ly49C)+ subset of F1 NK cells lyse BALB/c (H-2d) but not B6 (H-2b) targets unless either anti-5E6 or anti-H-2Kb MAbs are present. H-2Dd transgenic B6 (D8) targets are not susceptible to F1 Ly49A+ effectors. Furthermore, 5E6+ Ly49A+ F1 effectors lyse B6 and BALB/c targets only in the presence of anti-5E6 and anti-Ly49A MAbs, respectively. Thus, recognition of H-2Kb by 5E6 and H-2Dd by Ly49A transduce independent inhibitory signals. Moreover, anti-5E6 MAbs enable 5E6+ BALB/c NK cells to lyse (BALB/c x B6)F1 targets. These data support the "missing self" and not the "hemopoietic histocompatibility antigen" hypothesis for HR. In addition, 5E6+ NK cells from BALB/c and BALB.B, but not B6 or (BALB/c x B6)F1, mice receive negative signals from both H-2d and Kb class I antigens. Thus, allelic differences in 5E6 (C57BL versus BALB) may regulate recognition events by NK cells.

PMID:
8574853
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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