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Microbiology. 1995 Dec;141 ( Pt 12):3113-8.

Acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity in Helicobacter pylori and the requirement of increased CO2 for growth.

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School of Microbiology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.


A biotinylated acetyl-CoA carboxylase from the microaerophilic bacterium Helicobacter pylori was partially purified and characterized. The approximate molecular mass of the native enzyme was estimated at 235 kDa by native PAGE. A single band corresponding to approximately 24 kDa was detected by SDS-PAGE, suggesting that the native enzyme is a multi-protein complex. The protein was isolated from the soluble fraction of the cell. Catalytic activity was acetyl-CoA-dependent and inhibited by avidin but unaffected by avidin pretreated with excess biotin. The end-product of the reaction was identified as malonyl-CoA and the reaction was shown to be reversible by NMR spectroscopy. The activity of the enzyme was 0.29 mumol min-1 (mg protein)-1. The Vmax for bicarbonate was calculated at 0.73 mumol min-1 (mg protein)-1, and the affinity of the enzyme for this substrate was relatively low, with an apparent Km of 16.6 mM. These data provide the first evidence of a possible physiological role for the requirement of high levels of CO2 for growth in vitro of this bacterium.

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