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Dev Dyn. 1995 Nov;204(3):316-22.

Expression of M-twist during postimplantation development of the mouse.

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Max-Planck-Institut für Immunbiologie, Freiburg, Germany.


The murine homologue of the Drosophila twist gene has been shown to be essential for head mesenchyme formation and to act as an inhibitor of muscle differentiation. This paper presents a detailed analysis of M-twist expression patterns from day 7 post coitum (p.c.) to day 18 p.c., indicating a more general function of the M-twist gene. At day 7 p.c., M-twist is expressed in the mesoderm outside the primitive streak. Later M-twist message is predominantly found in the somites, the head mesenchyme, the branchial arches, the limbs, and in the mesenchyme underneath the epidermis. Beginning at day 8 p.c., M-twist is mainly expressed in undifferentiated cells committed to muscle and cartilage development: this expression is consistent with a suggested role of M-twist in inhibiting overt muscle and cartilage differentiation. However, during organogenesis, M-twist is expressed in several areas of mesenchyme-epithelia interactions, suggesting additional tissue specific functions.

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