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Biophys Chem. 1996 Jan;57(2-3):205-17.

Molecular dynamics of amphotericin B. II. Dimer in water.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Biochemistry, Technical University of GdaƄsk, Poland.


Molecular dynamics simulations were performed for a dimer of the antifungal antibiotic, amphotericin B, in water. In the first step of the work three appropriately selected versions of the dimer structure were taken into consideration. In each version antibiotic molecules were placed antiparallel with polar and ionizable groups outside the hydrophobic core formed by polyene chromophores. During short dynamic simulations versions of the dimer structure were compared in respect of the energy of dimerization. The highest energy was observed for the structure in which polyene chromophores superimposed each other as much as possible and this version was subjected to the main simulation. The analysis of 66 snapshot geometries stored during 33 ps dynamic trajectory allowed us to draw three main conclusions: (i) the relative orientation of the amino-sugar moiety and chromophore as well as conformation of the antibiotic macrolide ring were different in both molecules and could exhibit dynamic changes, (ii) the dimer structure exhibited intrinsic asymmetry which could be responsible for characteristic circular dichroism spectra of the aggregated form of the antibiotic, (iii) relatively high stability of the dimer structure resulted not only from hydrophobic interactions between chromophores but also from hydrogen bonds networks that were observed around polar terminals of antibiotic molecules. Implications of these features of the dimer structure for its susceptibility on the ionic state of carboxyl and/or amino groups are also discussed.

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