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Photochem Photobiol. 1995 Nov;62(5):862-8.

Reduction of interferon-gamma as a critical mechanism by which ultraviolet radiation prevents tumor rejection.

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1
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Arizona, Tucson 85724, USA.

Abstract

Mice irradiated with UVB, unlike nonirradiated mice, are highly susceptible to syngeneic, immunogenic tumors induced by UVB irradiation or by chemicals. We postulated that UV induced susceptibility to immunogenic tumors results from a reduction in host capacity to generate an interferon (IFN)-gamma immune response to tumor antigens. Shaved BALB/c mice were exposed to 6 x 10(5) J m-2 of UVB radiation delivered intermittently over 12 weeks. The UVB-irradiated and nonirradiated mice received intradermal injections of UVM12 or BP2 tumor cells. After 0, 1.5, 3, 7 or 21 days, draining lymph nodes were excised. Lymph node cells were incubated with UVM12 or BP2 cells that had received 2.5 Gy of gamma-radiation. After 48 h in culture, supernatants were analyzed for IFN-gamma content by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and cellular RNA was extracted for mRNA detection by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis. At 7 days after tumor injection, draining lymph node cells from nonirradiated control mice secreted significant levels of IFN-gamma and contained at least 0.0729 amol of IFN-gamma mRNA/microgram cDNA upon in vitro exposure to gamma-irradiated tumor cells. Draining lymph node cells removed from UV-irradiated mice contained only 18% as much IFN-gamma mRNA and secreted little or no IFN-gamma when exposed to gamma-irradiated tumor cells. A single injection of antibody directed against murine IFN-gamma rendered normal mice as susceptible as UV-irradiated mice to BP2 tumor cells. Thus, chronic UV irradiation leads to an inability of host tumor draining lymph node cells to mount an IFN-gamma response to tumor antigens.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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