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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Jan 23;93(2):878-83.

Three-dimensional structure of recombinant human osteogenic protein 1: structural paradigm for the transforming growth factor beta superfamily.

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Rosenstiel Basic Medical Research Center, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA 02254, USA.


We report the three-dimensional structure of osteogenic protein 1 (OP-1, also known as bone morphogenetic protein 7) to 2.8-A resolution. OP-1 is a member of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) superfamily of proteins and is able to induce new bone formation in vivo. Members of this superfamily share sequence similarity in their C-terminal regions and are implicated in embryonic development and adult tissue repair. Our crystal structure makes possible the structural comparison between two members of the TGF-beta superfamily. We find that although there is limited sequence identity between OP-1 and TGF-beta 2, they share a common polypeptide fold. These results establish a basis for proposing the OP-1/TGF-beta 2 fold as the primary structural motif for the TGF-beta superfamily as a whole. Detailed comparison of the OP-1 and TGF-beta 2 structures has revealed striking differences that provide insights into how these growth factors interact with their receptors.

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