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Microbiol Immunol. 1995;39(7):517-20.

Analysis of the NH2-terminal 87th amino acid of Escherichia coli GyrA in quinolone-resistance.

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Research Laboratories, Toyama Chemical Co., Ltd., Japan.


The functional contributions of amino acid residue Asp87 of Escherichia coli gyrase A protein (GyrA) was analyzed by site-directed mutagenesis. We generated a series of mutants, in which Asp87 of GyrA was changed to Ala, Val, Phe, Asn, Ser, and Lys. By genetic analysis of gyrA genes in a gyrA temperature-sensitive (Ts) background, it was shown that all these mutations caused the quinolone-resistance. These results indicate that the 87th amino acid of E. coli GyrA must have negative charge in expressing the phenotype of quinolone sensitivity. These findings also suggest that the carboxyl group of Asp87 may interact with quinolone drugs.

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