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Kidney Int. 1995 Oct;48(4):1254-62.

Low-density lipoprotein stimulates the expression of macrophage colony-stimulating factor in glomerular mesangial cells.

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Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Long Beach, California, USA.


Disordered lipoprotein metabolism and the enhanced influx and accumulation of circulating mononuclear leukocytes into vascular tissue are common pathobiological phenomena associated with both atherosclerosis and glomerulosclerosis. Since atherogenic lipoproteins (such as low density lipoprotein, LDL) have been implicated in monocyte migration and proliferation into the glomerular mesangium, we examined the effect of LDL on mesangial cell expression of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), a cytoregulatory peptide associated with monocyte chemoattraction, differentiation and proliferation. Mesangial cell M-CSF gene expression, protein synthesis and secretion, and its biological activity to induce progenitor colony formation and monocyte proliferation were studied in murine mesangial cells. Incubation of either primary cultures or SV-40 transformed murine mesangial cells with LDL (0 to 200 micrograms/ml) induced M-CSF steady-state mRNA expression, in a dose-dependent manner (52 to 183% of control) when Northern blots were analyzed quantitatively by densitometric scanning. Similarly, Western blot analysis showed that LDL-activated SV-40 transformed mesangial cells increased M-CSF protein synthesis and secretion in a dose-dependent manner. The conditioned media obtained by incubating mesangial cells with LDL induced bone marrow progenitor colony formation that could be inhibited by specific neutralizing antibodies against murine M-CSF. Finally, the biological activity of M-CSF secreted by LDL-activated mesangial cells was further confirmed by its enhanced ability to induce monocyte proliferation. These data indicate that LDL, by activating mesangial cells to induce M-CSF and possibly other monocyte chemoattractants, may regulate the migration and proliferation of cells of mononuclear leukocytic origin into the mesangium supporting a pathobiological role for LDL in glomerular injury.

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