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Kidney Int. 1995 Oct;48(4):1158-66.

Role of growth factors in mesangial cell ion channel regulation.

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1
Renal Division, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Abstract

Our single channel work has characterized two ion channels capable of depolarizing mesangial cells and activating classic, voltage-activated Ca2+ channels in response to growth-stimulatory peptides (such as Ang II, ET and insulin): (1) Ca(2+)-dependent, 4 pS Cl- channel promoting Cl- efflux; and (2) Ca(2+)-dependent, 27 pS nonselective cation channels promoting cation influx. We have also characterized a third channel which provides an alternative, receptor-operated pathway for Ca2+ entry in response to the growth factor, PDGF: (3) Ca(2+)-permeable, 1 pS cation channel. Consistent with our model of mesangial cell signal transduction (Fig. 1), these three mesangial cell ion channels are activated by binding of growth factors to membrane receptors (Fig. 8). Defective channel regulation, such as occurs in early diabetes mellitus, would promote mesangial cell relaxation and pathogenic glomerular hyperfiltration. Glomerular hyperfiltration and hypertension have been proposed to be major pathogenic factors in renal disease progression [4, 29, 38, 39]. Compensatory renal growth factor responses initially provide adaptive changes in glomerular hemodynamics after loss of functional renal mass. However, chronic stimulation of these mesangial cell ion channels by renal growth factors would promote sustained extracellular Ca2+ entry, resulting in mesangial cell contraction and growth, and progressive decreases in Kf and GFR. Eventually, this process leads to irreversible renal damage due to the development of glomerulosclerosis and interstitial fibrosis.

PMID:
8569077
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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