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J Membr Biol. 1995 Aug;146(3):273-82.

Hodgkin-Huxley analysis of a GCAC1 anion channel in the plasma membrane of guard cells.

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Institut für Biophysik, Universität Hannover, Germany.


A quantitative analysis of the time- and voltage-dependent kinetics of the Guard Cell Anion Channel (GCAC1) current in guard cell protoplasts from Vicia faba was analyzed using the whole-cell patch clamp technique. The voltage-dependent steady-state activation of GCAC1 current followed a Boltzmann distribution. For the corresponding steady-state value of the activation variable a power of two was derived which yielded suitable fits of the time course of voltage-dependent current activation. The GCAC1 mediated chloride current could successfully be described in terms of the Hodgkin-Huxley equations commonly evoked for the Na channel in nerve. After step depolarizations from a potential in the range of the resting potential to potentials above the equilibrium potential for chloride an activation and also an inactivation could be described. The gating of both processes exhibited an inverse relationship on the polarity of the applied step potentials in the order of milliseconds. Deactivating tail currents decline exponentially. The presented analysis contributes to the understanding of the rising phase of the observed action potentials in guard cells of V. faba. Evidence is presented that the voltage-dependent kinetic properties of the GCAC1 current are different from those properties described for the excitable anion currents in the plasmalemma of Chara corallina (Beilby & Coster, 1979a).

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