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J Med Chem. 1996 Jan 5;39(1):73-85.

Quinazoline antifolate thymidylate synthase inhibitors: gamma-linked L-D, D-D, and D-L dipeptide analogues of 2-desamino-2-methyl-N10-propargyl-5,8-dideazafolic acid (ICI 198583).

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1
CRC Centre for Cancer Therapeutics, Institute of Cancer Research, Cancer Research Campaign Laboratories, Sutton, Surrey, England.

Abstract

The syntheses of gamma-linked L-D, D-D, and D-L dipeptide analogues of 2-desamino-2-methyl-N10-propargyl-5,8-dideazafolic acid (ICI 198583) are described. The general methodology for the synthesis of these molecules involved the preparation of the dipeptide derivatives employing solution phase peptide synthesis followed by condensation of the dipeptide free bases with the appropriate pteroic acid analogue via diethyl cyanophosphoridate (DEPC) activation. In the final step, tert-butyl esters were removed by trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) hydrolysis. Z-L-Glu-OBut-gamma-D-Ala-OBut, for example, was prepared from alpha-tert-butyl N-(benzyloxycarbonyl)-L-glutamate and tert-butyl D-alaninate via isobutyl-mixed anhydride coupling. The Z-group was removed by catalytic hydrogenolysis and the resulting dipeptide free base condensed with 2-desamino-2-methyl-N10-propargyl-5,8-dideazapteroic acid via DEPC coupling. Finally, tert-butyl esters were removed by TFA hydrolysis to give ICI 198583-gamma-D-Ala. The compounds were tested as inhibitors of thymidylate synthase and L1210 cell growth. Good enzyme and growth inhibitory activity were found with gamma-linked L-D dipeptides, the best examples being the Glu-gamma-D-Glu derivative 35 (Ki = 0.19 nM, L1210 IC50 = 0.20 +/- 0.017 microM) and the Glu-gamma-D-alpha-aminoadipate derivative 39 (Ki = 0.12 nM, L1210 IC50 = 0.13 +/- 0.063 microM). In addition, ICI 198583 L-gamma-D-linked dipeptides were resistant to enzymatic degradation in mice.

PMID:
8568829
DOI:
10.1021/jm950471+
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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