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Gene. 1995 Dec 29;167(1-2):179-83.

Further analysis of the CAP59 locus of Cryptococcus neoformans: structure defined by forced expression and description of a new ribosomal protein-encoding gene.

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Laboratory of Clinical Investigation, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


Cryptococcus neoformans (Cn) produces an extracellular polysaccharide capsule that is an essential factor for virulence. We previously isolated a gene, CAP59, which is necessary for capsule formation. To dissect the functional region of CAP59, we placed it under control of the Cn GAL7 promoter (pGAL7). Among the several pGAL7::CAP59 fusion constructs, only the one containing the entire open reading frame of CAP59 was able to complement the acapsular phenotype under galactose induction. A missense mutation in the coding region abolished complementation by the fusion construct. We also found that the CAP59 locus is contiguous to a convergently transcribed L27 ribosomal protein-encoding gene (CL27). The distance between the cDNA ends of these two genes is only 25 bp. CL27 has two introns near its N terminus. The translated CL27 protein is 183 amino acids (aa) in length with an estimated molecular mass of 20 kDa, and the first 34 aa at the N terminus may be a targeting peptide for mitochondria. A high degree of restriction-fragment-length polymorphism was detected in the DNA sequence containing CAP59 and CL27.

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