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Eur J Pharmacol. 1995 Oct 16;285(2):181-8.

Pharmacology of CS-866, a novel nonpeptide angiotensin II receptor antagonist.

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Pharmacology and Molecular Biology Research Laboratories, Sankyo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan.


CS-866, (5-methyl-2-oxo-1,3-dioxolen-4-yl)methoxy-4-(1-hydroxy-1- methylethyl)-2-propyl-1-(4-[2-(tetrazol-5-yl)-phenyl]phenyl)met hylimidazol- 5-carboxylate, a prodrug type angiotensin receptor antagonist, is deesterified to the active acid, RNH-6270. RNH-6270 inhibited [125I]angiotensin II binding to bovine adrenal cortical membranes (angiotensin AT1 receptors) with an IC50 value of 7.7 nM, but not [125I]angiotensin II binding to bovine cerebellar membranes (angiotensin AT2 receptors), indicating the selectivity of the compound for angiotensin AT1 receptors. In guinea pig aortas, RNH-6270 reduced the maximal response of the concentration-contractile curve for angiotensin II (pD'2 = 9.9), but had no effect on the contractile response induced by phenylephrine or KCl. In conscious rats, intravenously injected RNH-6270 inhibited angiotensin II-induced pressor responses in a dose-dependent manner, and orally administered CS-866 produced a long-lasting inhibition of angiotensin II pressor responses. SK&F-525A, a P-450 inhibitor, suppressed the angiotensin II inhibitory effect of losartan, but not that of CS-866. These results demonstrate that RNH-6270 is a potent and AT1-selective angiotensin receptor antagonist and that, after oral administration, CS-866 has a long-lasting angiotensin II inhibitory action which is not affected by drug metabolizing enzymes in the liver.

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