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Disasters. 1995 Dec;19(4):338-47.

Evaluation of long-term community recovery from Hurricane Andrew: sources of assistance received by population sub-groups.

Author information

1
Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30345, USA.

Abstract

Two three-stage cluster surveys were conducted in South Dade County, Florida, 14 months apart, to assess recovery following Hurricane Andrew. Response rates were 75 per cent and 84 per cent. Sources of assistance used in recovery from Hurricane Andrew differed according to race, per capita income, ethnicity, and education. Reports of improved living situation post-hurricane were not associated with receiving relief assistance, but reports of a worse situation were associated with loss of income, being exploited, or job loss. The number of households reporting problems with crime and community violence doubled between the two surveys. Disaster relief efforts had less impact on subjective long-term recovery than did job or income loss or housing repair difficulties. Existing sources of assistance were used more often than specific post-hurricane relief resources. The demographic make-up of a community may determine which are the most effective means to inform them after a disaster and what sources of assistance may be useful.

PMID:
8564457
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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