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Mol Reprod Dev. 1995 Oct;42(2):226-32.

Bovine oviduct-specific glycoprotein: a potent factor for maintenance of viability and motility of bovine spermatozoa in vitro.

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1
Research Institute for the Functional Peptides, Yamagata, Japan.

Abstract

In the cow, a specific glycoprotein--bovine oviduct-specific glycoprotein (BOGP)--is secreted by the epithelial cells of the oviduct at the follicular stage of the estrous cycle. In this study, we examined the effects of purified BOGP on the viability and motility of bovine spermatozoa in culture in vitro. Frozen-thawed bovine spermatozoa were incubated in modified Tyrode's solution (TALP) that contained purified BOGP (TALP-BOGP). In TALP-BOGP, both the viability and motility of bovine spermatozoa were more effectively maintained than in the control medium without any added protein. The increases in both the viability and motility of spermatozoa were dose-dependent. Spermatozoa were also incubated in TALP medium supplemented with bovine serum albumin, egg albumin, lactalbumin, or gastric mucin, and their viability and motility in these media were compared with that in TALP-BOGP. Both the viability and motility of spermatozoa were more effectively maintained in TALP-BOGP throughout a 12-hr incubation than in other media tested. An immunolabeling study demonstrated that a monoclonal antibody specific for BOGP reacted with the posterior region of the head, the middle portion, and the tail of spermatozoa that had been incubated with TALP-BOGP, suggesting that BOGP becomes specifically associated with particular regions of the spermatozoon. These results suggest that BOGP is a potent factor for maintenance of the viability and motility of sperm. On the basis of the present results, we also propose that BOGP may play an important role in sperm functions during the reproductive process.

PMID:
8562068
DOI:
10.1002/mrd.1080420212
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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