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Science. 1996 Jan 26;271(5248):499-502.

Dependence of cyclin E-CDK2 kinase activity on cell anchorage.

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La Jolla Cancer Research Foundation, Cancer Center, CA 92037, USA.


Most nonmalignant cells are anchorage-dependent; they require substrate attachment for growth and, in some instances, survival. This requirement is lost on oncogenic transformation. The cyclin E-CDK2 complex, which is required for the G1-S transition of the cell cycle, was activated in late G1 phase in attached human fibroblasts, but not in fibroblasts maintained in suspension. In transformed fibroblasts the complex was active regardless of attachment. The lack of cyclin E-CDK2 activity in suspended cells appeared to result from increased expression of CDK2 inhibitors and a concomitant decrease in phosphorylation of CDK2 on threonine-160. Suppression of cyclin E-CDK2 activity may thus underlie the anchorage dependence of cell growth.

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