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Leukemia. 1996 Jan;10(1):106-16.

The adhesion molecule E-cadherin and a surface antigen recognized by the antibody 9C4 are selectively expressed on erythroid cells of defined maturational stages.

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Second Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tübingen, Germany.


The antigen expression of immature erythroid bone marrow cells was studied using two recently generated monoclonal antibodies (mAb), mAb 67A4 and 9C4, with specificities for the epithelial cell adhesion molecule E-cadherin (E-cad; mAb 67A4), and a novel 110 kDa differentiation antigen (mAb 9C4) with unknown molecular structure. Pappenheim staining of FACS-purified cells labeled with mAb 9C4 and anti-glycophorin A (GA) revealed that the majority of the 9C4+GA- and 9C4+GA+ cells consisted of erythroblasts. In contrast, the E-cad-positive population comprised normoblasts and erythroblasts. While the E-cad+GA- fraction contained mainly erythroblasts and basophilic normoblasts, the E-Cad+GA+ population was enriched in orthochromatic and polychromatophilic normoblasts. By colony assays of affinity column-purified cells it could be shown that erythroid colony forming units (CFU-E) were enriched and erythroid burst forming units (BFU-E) were depleted in the 9C4- and E-cad-positive fractions. Flow cytometric analysis of bone marrow cells double-labeled with mAb 67A4 and anti-CD71, anti-CD117, anti-CD34, or anti-GA revealed that about 90% of the E-cad-positive cells coexpressed CD71, about 70% were positive for CD117, about 50% for GA, and only about 5% coexpressed CD34. The expression pattern of 9C4 antigen was similar to that of E-Cad with the exception that only a minority of the 9C4-positive cells coexpressed GA. Lymphoid and myeloid markers were negative on both the E-Cad- and 9C4-positive populations. In these studies we describe the identification of a new mAb-defined antigen which is specifically expressed on erythroblasts and CFU-E(9C4) and demonstrate that E-Cad is not only expressed on epithelial cells but also on erythropoietic cells of defined maturational stages.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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