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J Biol Chem. 1996 Jan 12;271(2):796-806.

Isolation and characterization of cDNAs corresponding to two human calcium, calmodulin-regulated, 3',5'-cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases.

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  • 1Icos Corporation, Bothell, Washington 98021, USA.


cDNAs corresponding to two human calcium, calmodulin (CaM)-regulated 3',5'-cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) were isolated. One, Hcam1 (PDE1A3), corresponds to the bovine 61-kDa CaM PDE (PDE1A2). The second, Hcam3 (PDE1C), represents a novel phosphodiesterase gene. Hcam1 encodes a 535-amino acid protein that differs most notably from the bovine 61-kDa CaM PDE by the presence of a 14-amino acid insertion and a divergent carboxyl terminus. RNase protection studies indicated that Hcam1 is represented in human RNA from several tissues, including brain, kidney, testes, and heart. Two carboxyl-terminal splice variants for Hcam3 were isolated. One, Hcam3b (PDE1C1), encodes a protein 634 amino acids (72 kDa) in length. The other, Hcam3a (PDE1C3), diverges from Hcam3b 4 amino acids from the carboxyl terminus of Hcam3b, and extends an additional 79 amino acids. All the cDNAs isolated for Hcam3a are incomplete; they do not include the 5'-end of the open reading frame. Northern analysis revealed that both splice variants were expressed in several tissues, including brain and heart, and that there may be additional splice variants. Amino-truncated recombinant proteins were expressed in yeast and characterized biochemically. Hcam3a has a high affinity for both cAMP and cGMP and thus has distinctly different kinetic parameters from Hcam1, which has a higher affinity for cGMP than for cAMP. Both PDE1C enzymes were inhibited by isobutylmethylxanthine, 8-methoxymethyl isobutylmethylxanthine, zaprinast, and vinpocetine.

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