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Infect Immun. 1996 Jan;64(1):358-62.

Phospholipase C and perfringolysin O from Clostridium perfringens upregulate endothelial cell-leukocyte adherence molecule 1 and intercellular leukocyte adherence molecule 1 expression and induce interleukin-8 synthesis in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells.

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  • 1Infectious Diseases Section, VA Medical Center, Boise, Idaho 83702, USA.


Clostridium perfringens phospholipase C (PLC) and perfringolysin O (PFO) differentially induced human umbilical vein endothelial cell expression and synthesis of endothelial cell-leukocyte adherence molecule-1 (ELAM-1), intracellular leukocyte adherence molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and interleukin-8 (IL-8). PLC strongly induced expression of ELAM-1, ICAM-1, and IL-8, while PFO stimulated early ICAM-1 expression but did not promote ELAM-1 expression or IL-8 synthesis. PLC caused human umbilical vein endothelial cells to assume a fibroblastoid morphology, whereas PFO, in high concentrations or after prolonged low-dose toxin exposure, caused cell death. The toxin-induced expression of proadhesive and activational proteins and direct cytopathic effects may contribute to the leukostasis, vascular compromise, and capillary leak characteristics of C. perfringens gas gangrene.

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