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Cell Calcium. 1995 Oct;18(4):314-21.

Control of photoreceptor proteins by Ca2+.

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Institut für Biologische Informationsverarbeitung, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany.


A decrease of cytoplasmic Ca(2+)-concentration in vertebrate photoreceptor cells after illumination is necessary for light adaptation. Although the mechanisms of adaptation is not completely understood, several Ca(2+)-dependent cellular processes have been discovered. Some involve calcium-binding proteins like recoverin, guanylyl cyclase-activating protein and calmodulin, and their target proteins rhodopsin kinase, guanylyl cyclase, the cGMP-gated channel, and NO synthase. The activity of several enzymes or channels is directly controlled by Ca2+ and does not involve calcium-binding proteins. These proteins are pyrophosphatase, protein kinase C and the cGMP-gated channel.

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