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Cancer Lett. 1996 Jan 2;98(2):199-205.

Effect of the activated Raf protein kinase on the human multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) gene promoter.

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Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, Pusan National University, South Korea.


Revealing the regulatory mechanism of the multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) gene is important to gain understanding of MDR in tumor cells. Using MDR1 deletion constructs and the 22W mutant of c-Raf in which the NH2-terminal half has been deleted, we examined the effect of the activated Raf on human MDR1 promoter activity in transient expression assay and stable transfectants of GHE-L cells. A DNA sequence exhibiting strong activation of MDR1 promoter by 22W was located between -197 and -136 containing the upstream heat shock element (HSE) motifs without other regulatory elements, whereas the MDR1 deletion construct containing downstream HSE motif showed a relatively weaker activation by 22W. We observed that the activated Raf significantly potentiated the induction of MDRCAT activity in GHE-L cells by sodium arsenite or heat shock, which stimulates heat shock factor (HSF) binding to HSE. In addition, protein kinase A inhibitor (H-87) blocked the activation of the MDR1 promoter by 22W in GHE-L cells in a dose-dependent manner. From these results, we propose the possibility that Raf- and protein kinase A-dependent pathways control the transcription of MDR1 gene via a mechanism involving the modulation of HSF activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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