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Biochemistry. 1996 Jan 16;35(2):513-22.

Functional expression of mammalian myosin I beta: analysis of its motor activity.

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Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA.


The motor function of vertebrate unconventional myosins is not well understood. In this study, we initiated the baculovirus expression system to characterize a novel myosin I from bovine adrenal gland that we had previously cloned [Zhu, T., & Ikebe, M. (1994) FEBS Lett. 339, 31-36], which is classified as myosin I beta. The expressed myosin I beta was well extracted when calmodulin was coexpressed in Sf9 cells. The recombinant myosin I beta cosedimented with actin in an ATP dependent manner. The purified myosin I beta was composed of one heavy chain and three calmodulins. The electron microscopic image of myosin I beta confirmed its single-headed structure with a short tail, which is similar to that of brush border myosin I (BBMI). Myosin I beta showed high K+,EDTA--ATPase activity (approximately 0.14 mumol/min/mg) and Ca(2+)-ATPase activity (approximately 0.32 mumol/min/mg), and the KCl/pH dependence of these activities was different from that of conventional myosin. Mg(2+)-ATPase activity of myosin I beta alone was increased above pCa 6, while the actin dependent activity was not affected by Ca2+. Actin sliding velocity of myosin I beta in the absence of Ca2+ was 0.3-0.5 microns/s at 25 degrees C, which is much greater than that of BBMI (< 0.05 microns/s). The actin sliding activity was abolished above pCa 6, and the sliding activity was restored when exogenous calmodulin was added in the absence of Ca2+. Within similar Ca2+ concentrations, one of the three calmodulins was dissociated from myosin I beta. The results suggest that Ca2+ dependent association of calmodulin may function as a regulatory mechanism of myosin I beta motor activity and that the motor activity of mammalian myosin I is largely different among distinct myosin I isoforms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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