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Mech Dev. 1995 Sep;53(1):87-96.

A single homeodomain binding site restricts spatial expression of Wnt-1 in the developing brain.

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Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA.


In this study we investigate the molecular mechanisms that are responsible for the restricted expression of Wnt-1 during embryogenesis. We report that a single homeodomain binding site, HBS1, within the Wnt-1 enhancer contributes to appropriate spatial expression of Wnt-1 in the developing nervous system. This HBS1 site may be required for repressing Wnt-1 expression in the developing forebrain since specific mutations of this site result in an extension of the rostral boundary of Wnt-1/lacZ staining in transgenic embryos. We further demonstrate that a subset of homeodomain proteins expressed in the forebrain (i.e., Dix2, Emx2) interact specifically with HBS1. These findings suggest that these (or related) homeodomain proteins may regulate expression of Wnt-1 during normal brain development by interacting with the HBS1 site in the Wnt-1 enhancer.

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