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Br J Haematol. 1995 Nov;91(3):684-90.

Experience with liposomal Amphotericin-B in 60 patients undergoing high-dose therapy and bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.

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Department of Oncology/Haematology, University Hospital Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.


60 patients undergoing bone marrow or stem cell transplantation were treated with liposomal Amphotericin-B for documented or suspected mycosis. 34 patients had a prior course of conventional Amphotericin-B with the following adverse effects: increasing creatinine above 1.4 mg/dl (n = 17), increasing creatinine below 1.5 mg/dl (n = 9), no response (n = 6), and clinical side-effects (n = 4). Liposomal Amphotericin-B failed in 6/7 patients with culture-proven mycosis who died from infection with Aspergillus (n = 2) and Candida (n = 4), respectively. One patient with Candida lambica sepsis was cured. No patient with clinically or serologically suspected or diagnosed infection died from mycosis. Liposomal Amphotericin-B was well tolerated in 57 patients, even after side-effects of the conventional formulation. Adverse effects occurred in three cases, requiring the withdrawal of the drug in one patient. Due to toxic side-effects of the high-dose therapy and transplant-related complications, it was difficult to evaluate the influence of liposomal Amphotericin-B on laboratory parameters. Eight patients showed a decrease of creatinine levels, which had increased above normal values under preceding therapy with conventional Amphotericin-B. Liposomal Amphotericin-B is well tolerated in patients undergoing high-dose therapy and bone marrow transplantation. The efficacy of liposomal Amphotericin-B needs to be investigated in randomized studies in comparison with conventional Amphotericin-B.

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