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Br J Haematol. 1995 Nov;91(3):625-9.

Involvement of the cyclin-dependent kinase-4 inhibitor (CDKN2) gene in the pathogenesis of lymphoid blast crisis of chronic myelogenous leukaemia.

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1
Dipartimento Scienze Biomediche e Oncologia Umana, Università di Torino, Ospedale San Luigi Gonzaga, Orbassano, Turin, Italy.

Abstract

Recent data suggest that homozygous deletion of the cyclin-dependent kinase 4 inhibitor gene (CDKN2), a putative tumour suppressor gene located on chromosome 9p21, represents a common genetic event in human cancer. As the molecular basis of the evolution of chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML) into blast crisis remains largely unknown, we decided to investigate if the occurrence of similar deletions could represent one of the mechanisms underlying the disease progression. Whereas none of 22 chronic phase CML cases examined showed alterations, we found that 3/17 total blast crisis examined (18%) showed a homozygous deletion of the CDKN2 gene. The deletions were restricted to cases of lymphoid blast crisis, being present in 3/8 (40%) of the lymphoid and in none of the nine myeloid cases examined. The fact that the chronic phase DNA obtained at diagnosis in one of the cases lacks the homozygous deletion observed in blast crisis, suggests that the final deletion event took place concomitantly with the progression of the disease. Furthermore, the analysis of polymorphic regions on chromosome 9p21 flanking at both sides the CDKN2 gene, showed that deletions at 9p21 differ between cases and are characterized by a wide range of extensions. A concomitant search for a possible involvement of the p53 tumour suppressor gene in the same series of patients showed mutations of the gene and loss of heterozygosity at 17p only in myeloid blast crisis, suggesting the presence of distinct molecular pathways in the pathogenesis of lymphoid and myeloid blast crisis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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