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J Paediatr Child Health. 1995 Oct;31(5):403-7.

Growth, development and behaviour in adolescents born small-for-gestational-age.

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Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Science, School of Medicine, University of Auckland, New Zealand.



To examine the effects on adolescents of being born small-for-gestational-age (SGA).


The sample are members of a cohort longitudinal study in which growth, cognitive development and behaviour are being studied into adulthood. Ninety-one SGA subjects were available for comparison with the rest of the sample (n = 1037) on measures of height, weight, head circumference, cognitive performance and behavioural variables to the age of 18 years old.


SGA subjects were shorter and lighter at 18 years of age than their appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) counterparts despite age of onset of menarche being the same in both groups. At age 13, SGA subjects scored significantly lower than the AGA group on the WISC-R scales. They were rated by parents as having more behaviour problems at age of 15.


SGA birth appears to be a potential problem which extends beyond childhood in its effects on growth, behaviour and cognitive performance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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