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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1995 Dec 26;217(3):1120-7.

Polyprotein processing in echovirus 22: a first assessment.

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National Institutes of Health, Hepatitis Viruses Section, Bethesda, MD 20892-0740, USA.


The major steps of the polyprotein processing of Echovirus 22 (EV22), a highly unusual member of the picornavirus family, have been characterized for the first time by employing in vitro assay systems. Cell-free expression of a P1-2ABC precursor as well as VP1-2A yielded autoproteolytically inactive proteins, suggesting that the 2A region of the EV22 polyprotein does not contain a proteolytic activity. The intra- and intermolecular cleavage specificity of proteinase 3C, the major proteolytic enzyme in picornaviruses, was studied by expressing the enzyme of EV22 in a bacterial system as well as in the framework of precursor molecules generated by in vitro transcription/translation in a cell-free system. A VP1-2A percursor could very efficiently be cleaved in trans by the recombinant 3C, whereas the junction between P2 and P3 remained uncleaved. Expression of the complete P3-region in the cell-free system led to the autocatalytic release of large amounts of p22, a protein of the predicted molecular weight of the EV22 proteinase 3C that was recognized by an antibody raised against the recombinant enzyme.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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