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Virology. 1995 Dec 20;214(2):675-9.

Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen 2-estrogen receptor fusion proteins transactivate viral and cellular genes and interact with RBP-J kappa in a conditional fashion.

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GSF-Forschungszentrum für Umwelt und Gesundheit, Institut für Klinische Molekularbiologie und Tumorgenetik, München, Germany.


Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen 2 (EBNA2) is a transcriptional activator of viral and cellular genes involved in B cell transformation by EBV and is targeted to EBV responsive promoters through interaction with cellular DNA binding proteins such as RBP-J kappa. To develop a conditional system in which the function of EBNA2 can be switched on and off, we have fused the hormone binding domain of the estrogen receptor to the N- or C-terminus of EBNA2. Here we show that after transient or stable transfer of these chimerical EBNA2 genes into human B cell lymphoma lines, transactivation of LMP1, TP1, and TP2 promoter constructs, expression of the cell surface markers CD21 and CD23, and binding of EBNA2 to its cellular partner RBP-J kappa are dependent on the presence of estrogen. The EBNA2 fusion proteins proved to be virtually inactive in the absence of hormone.

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