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Neoplasma. 1995;42(5):265-9.

Increased antioxidant enzyme activities in the colorectal adenoma and carcinoma.

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Research Institute of Nutrition, Bratislava, Slovakia.


Most colon carcinomas are preceded by an adenomatous polyp--adenoma-carcinoma sequence. Active oxygen species (AOS) can play a role in the pathogenesis of this process. Antioxidant enzymes (AE) are the primary defense against the deleterious effect of AOS. Activities of AE in 56 individuals with colorectal adenoma (CA), 29 individuals with colorectal carcinoma (CC) and in 24 control subjects were examined. Biopsy specimens from the non-neoplastic colonic mucosa and from the CA and CC were taken during colonoscopy for histological and enzymological analysis. Activities of following AE were estimated: CuZn-superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx). It was found that individuals with CA and CC were characterized by: (1) increased activities of CAT and GPx in non-neoplastic mucosa, that persisted in some of the patients even after removal of tumors; (2) increased activities of CuZn-SOD, CAT and PGx in CA and CC tissues. It can be inferred that the accumulation of peroxides in the non-neoplastic colonic mucosa induced higher activities of CAT and GPx. The reasons of high activities of all AE in the tissues of CA and CC and their relation to carcinogenesis are not clear and require further studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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