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J Pediatr. 1996 Jan;128(1):70-4.

Thyroid abnormalities in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus.

Author information

1
Pediatric Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study thyroid function in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and determine whether there are correlates of thyroid dysfunction with disease progression.

STUDY DESIGN:

Total and free thyroxine, triiodothyronine, reverse triiodothyronine, thyrotropin, and thyroxine binding globulin (TBG) were measured in 167 children with HIV infection (age, 1 to 19 years; mean, 9.15 years).

SETTING:

Pediatric Branch, National Cancer Institute.

RESULTS:

Free thyroxine was at or below the lower limit of normal (normal, 1.0 to 1.9 ng/dl) in 18% of the children; thyrotropin and TBG levels were above the normal range in 31% and 30%, respectively. There was an inverse correlation between CD4+ cell count and thyrotropin, and between CD4+ cell count and TBG. No correlation was found between thyroid function and other disease symptoms or medications.

CONCLUSION:

These findings indicate that thyroid abnormalities occur more frequently in children with HIV infection than was previously reported, have a different profile from the thyroid abnormalities associated with other chronic disease conditions, and correlate with disease progression.

PMID:
8551423
DOI:
10.1016/s0022-3476(96)70429-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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