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J Dairy Sci. 1995 Sep;78(9):1921-31.

Extension of corpus luteum lifespan and reduction of uterine secretion of prostaglandin F2 alpha of cows in response to recombinant interferon-tau.

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1
Department of Dairy and Poultry Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611, USA.

Abstract

Two experiments tested the effect of recombinant ovine and bovine interferon-tau on corpus luteum lifespan, interestrous interval, and oxytocin-induced uterine secretion of prostaglandin F2 alpha. Cows received intrauterine injections of 100 micrograms of recombinant ovine interferon-tau plus 1.4 mg of BSA or of 1.5 mg of BSA alone in Experiment 1 and 200 micrograms of recombinant bovine interferon-tau plus 1.3 mg of BSA or 1.5 mg of BSA alone in Experiment 2. Twice daily injections (0700 and 1900 h) were split evenly between the uterine horns from d 14 to 24 of the experimental estrous cycle via an AI pipette in Experiment 1 and via intrauterine catheters in Experiment 2. On d 17, cows were injected with 100 IU of oxytocin, and plasma was collected for analysis of 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandinF2 alpha. Recombinant ovine interferon-tau extended the lifespan of the corpus luteum (27.5 vs. 19.2 d) and interestrous interval (30.5 vs. 20.6 d) and abolished the oxytocin-induced increase in 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandinF2 alpha, which peaked at 30 min for the BSA control group (210.8 pg/ml). Recombinant bovine interferon-tau also extended the lifespan of the corpus luteum (29.0 vs. 21.4 d) and interestrous interval (31.5 vs. 22.6 d) and abolished the oxytocin-induced increase in 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandin F2 alpha, which peaked at 30 min for the BSA control group (205.6 pg/ml). In conclusion, recombinant ovine interferon-tau and recombinant bovine interferon-tau were effective antiluteolytic agents in cattle.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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