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HIV/HTLV-I coinfection and clinical grade at diagnosis.

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INSERM U169, Recherches en Epidémiologie, Villejuif, France.


A total of 963 HIV-infected patients have been identified or followed up in Martinique since 1985. Medical files were used to retrieve information about age, sex, circumstances of diagnosis, HTLV-I status, and HIV clinical grade at first examination according to CDC criteria from 1987. Complete information was available for 774 patients. At the first clinical examination, the clinical grade of 65 coinfected patients was more severe than that of the monoinfected patients (GIV versus GII, OR = 2.60, p < 0.01), but after adjustment for age and sex, this odds ratio was reduced 1.57. Although this study cannot invalidate the hypothesis of a faster progression toward AIDS of coinfected than of monoinfected patients, it shows that one or several other mechanisms contribute to the different grades of severity at the first clinical examination observed between these two categories of patients. We believe that HTLV-I infection acquired during adulthood is a marker of high-risk behavior and that it might be associated with early or multiple HIV infections.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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