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Br J Haematol. 1995 Oct;91(2):333-40.

Band 4.2 Shiga: 317 CGC-->TGC in compound heterozygotes with 142 GCT-->ACT results in band 4.2 deficiency and microspherocytosis.

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Department of Medicine, Kawasaki Medical School, Kurashiki City, Japan.


A novel compound heterozygous mutation of 317 CGC-->TGC with 142 GCT-->ACT in human red cell band 4.2 deficiency is described. A proband and his son suffered from compensated haemolysis with nearly complete deficiency of red cell band 4.2. Their red cell morphology exhibited microspherocytosis resembling classic hereditary spherocytosis (HS). Sodium dodecylsulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) showed band 4.2 to be nearly missing (< 1% of normal controls) with the presence of 74 kD and 72 kD isoforms in trace amounts. Other family members (daughters older and younger than the son) exhibited nearly normal amounts of 72kD as a wild form of band 4.2 on SDS-PAGE with the presence of the 74kD isoform in a trace amount. The proband and his son demonstrated two compound heterozygous mutations in trans: i.e. nucleotide (nt) 949 CGC-->TGC (codon 317 Arg-->Cys) in exon 7 and nt 424 GCT--ACT (codon 142 Ala-->Thr) in exon 3 of the band 4.2 gene. The two daughters demonstrated only the mutation of nt 949 CGC-->TGC in exon 7 in heterozygous states, but no 142 mutation. Therefore the proband and his son were compound heterozygotes of these two mutations in trans. It is interesting to note that the 74 kD isoform of band 4.2 protein existed in a trace amount in the two daughters in spite of the absence of the 142 Ala-->Thr mutation. In addition, even in the presence of the 142 mutation in one allele in the proband and his son, their red cell morphology demonstrated classic HS with microspherocytosis, although a homozygous state of the 142 mutation known as the Nippon type of band 4.2 deficiency exhibits ovalostomatocytosis.

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