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Arch Dermatol. 1996 Jan;132(1):42-7.

Increased serum concentration of the soluble interleukin-2 receptor in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Clinical and prognostic implications.

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1
Department of Pathology, Beth Israel Hospital, Boston, Mass, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND DESIGN:

The serum concentration of soluble alpha-chain receptor for interleukin-2 (sIL-2R) was determined in 101 patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL).

RESULTS:

The serum concentration of sIL-2R correlates positively with CTCL tumor burden as determined by several clinical parameters (ie, clinical subtype of disease, extent of skin involvement, T rating, and stage), by serum lactate dehydrogenase concentration, and by Sézary cell counts in erythrodermic disease. The median value of sIL-2R in erythrodermic CTCL was more than threefold higher than that of classic mycosis fungoides (MF). The proportion of patients with elevated sIL-2R concentration (> 1000 U/mL) also increased in CTCL in a similar fashion according to the clinical type of disease (MF patch phase, 15%; MF plaque phase, 33%; MF tumor phase, 47%; and erythrodermic variants, 90%). However, no correlation was found between sIL-2R serum concentration and expression of membrane-bound IL-2R alpha chain (CD25) on lymphoid cells in skin lesions and peripheral blood. Significantly, multivariate analysis of various prognostic factors demonstrated that in erythrodermic CTCL, sIL-2R serum concentration correlated best with survival and was a better predictor of prognosis than stage, Sézary cell counts, or lactate dehydrogenase values.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings document the usefulness of the measurement of the sIL-2R serum concentration to determine tumor burden and prognosis in patients with CTCL.

PMID:
8546482
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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