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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1995 Nov 27;772:198-208.

Cytotoxic T lymphocyte and helper T cell responses following HIV polynucleotide vaccination.

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1
Department of Virus and Cell Biology, Merck Research Laboratories, West Point, Pennsylvania 19486, USA.

Abstract

Expression vectors encoding either HIV-1 gp160/rev, gp120, or rev alone were used for direct vaccination of mice and nonhuman primates. Each vaccine elicited long-lived (> 7 months) helper T cell responses in mice and monkeys as measured by in vitro proliferation of splenocytes following recombinant antigen treatment. Cytokine assays of the cell supernatants showed that approximately 100-fold more gamma-interferon than IL-4 was secreted during culture indicating that these vaccines elicited TH1-like responses. CD8+ CTL activities were also observed both in mice and rhesus. The gp120 and gp160/rev vaccines elicited antigen-specific antibodies, although these responses were more variable and lower magnitude for gp160/rev, and gp120 DNA-vaccinated African green monkeys had moderate levels of neutralizing antibodies. No antibodies were found against rev (an intracellular protein) with either rev vaccine. Similar antibody titers were obtained for gp120 by either intramuscular or intradermal injection although T cell responses were generally lower by intradermal route. These results indicate that DNA vaccines may provide a powerful means to elicit cellular and humoral immune responses against HIV.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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