Send to

Choose Destination
Virus Res. 1995 Sep;38(1):25-41.

Genetic variation of wild Puumala viruses within the serotype, local rodent populations and individual animal.

Author information

Haartman Institute, Department of Virology, Helsinki University, Finland.


Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction cloning and sequencing were used to determine the range of S gene/N protein variability in wild Puumala virus (PUU) strains and to study phylogenetic relationships between two groups of strains which originated from Finland and from European Russia. Analyses of the nucleotide and predicted amino acid sequences showed: (1) all PUU strains shared a common ancient ancestor; and (2) the more recent ancestors were different for the Finnish branch and the Russian branch of PUU strains. A cluster of amino acid substitutions in the N protein of Finnish strains was found; this cluster was located within a highly variable region of the molecule carrying B-cell epitopes (Vapalahti et al., J. Med. Virol., 1995, in press). Different levels of S gene/N protein diversity of PUU were revealed supporting the view of geographical clustering of genetic variants. Puumala virus from individual voles was found to be a complex mixture of closely related variants-quasispecies. The ratio of non-silent to silent nucleotide mutations registered in the S genes/N proteins of PUU quasispecies was 4- to 16-fold higher than that in Puumala virus strains, resulting in a more wide range of quasispecies N protein sequence diversity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center